Music (MA and MM)


Leigh Gerdine College of Fine Arts

Program Description

Webster University offers the master of music (MM) with a major in composition, jazz studies, music education, performance, orchestral performance, and church music. Students who desire a more general course of studies may pursue the master of arts (MA) with a major in music. The MM and the MA programs conform to the guidelines specified by the National Association of Schools of Music for accreditation. Webster University is a full member of the National Association of Schools of Music.

Master of Music (MM)

Graduates of the MM program will be trained to further their careers in private studio teaching, private or public school music teaching, or public performance as soloists, ensemble members, or composers. The emphasis for each student’s training will be determined by individual consultation with the major professor, the Director of Graduate Studies in Music, and the Committee for Graduate Studies in Music.

Master of Arts (MA)

The MA in music is offered without an official area of specialization, although any one or more of several fields within music may be emphasized through elective courses that meet individual needs and career goals. The area of emphasis will be determined by the student in consultation with the graduate committee and the Director of Graduate Studies in Music.

In contrast to the performance-related MM, academic studies in music and related fields are emphasized in the MA in music degree program. Performance and creative musical endeavors, however, will be central to the course of study for many students.

Graduates of the MA program will be qualified to teach applied music in the studio or classroom, perform with or conduct ensembles, compose or arrange music, pursue doctoral studies in musicology, theory, or another field, or establish an expertise in any one or several additional areas.

Graduates of the MA program will be qualified to teach applied music in the studio or classroom, perform with or conduct ensembles, compose or arrange music, pursue doctoral studies in musicology, theory, or another field, or establish an expertise in any one or several additional areas.

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Admission

•Students who are interested in applying to this degree program should also see the Admission Section found in the front of this catalog for general requirements.

Admission Requirements

Students seeking admission to the MM or the MA in music programs must submit or complete the following:

  • An official transcript that documents the awarding of a baccalaureate degree in music from an accredited institution.
  • A satisfactory audition/interview before an appointed faculty committee. Guidelines for audition repertoire are available upon request from the Director of Graduate Studies in Music or the specific program director (voice, piano, jazz, music education, instrumental studies, and so forth). Please read the following section on Audition Procedures.
  • A satisfactory performance on an entrance examination in music history and theory. Remedial studies-without credit-may be prescribed for students who have deficiencies in either or both of these areas.
  • Three letters of recommendation, at least two of which should be from former music teachers

Send all required documents to:

Webster University
Office of Admission
470 East Lockwood Avenue
St. Louis, MO 63119-3194

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Audition Procedures

Church Music

Applicants should prepare a minimum of three works in contrasting styles from the classical or sacred repertoire for piano, voice, or organ as the major instrument. If piano or organ is not the major instrument, a demonstration of keyboard skills will also be expected.

Composition

Applicants for the MM in composition must present a portfolio of scores in various genres, as well as recordings of the works from performances, or electronic realizations, if possible. Applicants are also required to perform on their major instrument.

Instrumental Performance and Orchestral Performance

Applicants for the MM in instrumental performance and orchestral performance should present a minimum of three major works, preferably performed from memory in a variety of historical and technical styles. Orchestral instrumentalists should perform excerpts from standard orchestral literature.

Jazz Studies

Applicants should prepare a minimum of three works from memory. Instrumentalists should demonstrate improvisation skills on a 12 bar blues, a standard by Ellington or a similar composer, and a contemporary jazz work. Vocalists should perform two standards from the jazz repertoire. Scat singing may be requested. Percussionists will demonstrate an understanding of swing, Latin, fusion, and other styles. A brief sight-reading demonstration may be required.

Music Education

Please follow the guidelines provided elsewhere in this section for auditions in piano, vocal or instrumental performance, or jazz studies.

Piano or Organ

Piano and organ applicants should prepare a minimum of three major works, performed from memory, in contrasting styles. Two selections must be from the Baroque, Classical, or Romantic periods. The third work should be from the Impressionist or contemporary periods.

Voice

Applicants must submit previous recital programs and will be assessed on knowledge of repertoire, diction, and language phonetics. Applicants will perform five works from memory, including oratorio/opera arias and songs from the classical repertoire in four languages. Applicants may be asked to sight-sing or vocalize to assess pitch perception and tone production.

Master of Arts

Applicants should follow the guidelines for their instrument or interest area as listed previously. Applicants should discuss audition preparation with the Director of Graduate Studies in Music.

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Departmental Standards and Policies

Students should consult the Academic Warning, Probation, and Dismissal sections of this catalog for further information. In addition, the Department of Music Handbook, available from the Music Office, includes departmental policies on admission to candidacy, degree recitals, theses, applied music, and ensembles, as well as other areas that pertain to MM and MA students. This departmental policy manual constitutes an extension of the Webster University Graduate Studies Catalog.

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Ensemble Requirement for Graduate Students

All graduate students in music are required to complete two semesters in a major ensemble. Jazz studies majors may fulfill this requirement through the various jazz ensembles. Composition majors will participate in the New Music Ensemble for one term, with a second term in Wind Ensemble, Orchestra, or a choral ensemble. Majors in other areas will choose choir, orchestra, or wind ensemble. Additional performing groups (such as Opera Studio or Jazz Singers) may be chosen for elective credit. Specific ensemble requirements are listed with each degree and area of emphasis below.

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Graduate Oral Examinations

The Graduate Oral Examination is required of all students at the graduate level. This examination is based on the student’s program of study, and includes topics in music history and literature, music theory, and the area of emphasis. Students are expected to demonstrate the ability to integrate and interpret materials and issues in the major field. The exam emphasizes topics dealt with directly in the student’s thesis, recital, or other major project presented in fulfillment of the degree requirements.

This is an oral examination conducted by a committee that is appointed by the Director of Graduate Studies, in consultation with the Director of the area of study and other members of the faculty. The committee will include a majority of full-time faculty members

Those students in the MME programs are also required to complete a written comprehensive examination.

Students who fail the oral examination may retake it upon the recommendation of the committee.

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Master of Music (MM)
Composition Emphasis

The composition program at Webster focuses primarily on contemporary concert music. Students are also encouraged to explore many other musical styles and technologies such as jazz, electronic, computer, and MIDI applications. Faculty composers work directly with composition majors. Among other opportunities available for the performance of students’ works are those provided by the Webster University New Music Ensemble.

Required Courses

  • MUSC 4040 Music of the Twentieth Century* (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5010 Composition (four semesters) (8 hours)
  • MUSC 5100 Analytical Techniques I (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5110 Analytical Techniques II (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5120 Seminar in Music Literature I (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5130 Seminar in Music Literature II (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4950 New Music Ensemble (1 hour)
  • Major Ensemble:
    • MUSC 4900 Webster University Concert Choir (1 hour)
    • MUSC 4940 Webster University Orchestra (1 hour)
    • MUSC 4980 Webster University Wind Ensemble (1 hour)
  • Electives (7-9 hours)
  • Final project (0 hours)
    The student must submit a major composition project (thesis) and present a recital of works completed while at Webster University of at least 45 minutes in length. A recording of the recital must accompany the submitted thesis manuscript.
  • Oral examination (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

*Students who completed MUSC 4040, or equivalent, as undergraduates (with grades of B or better) may choose electives.

Suggested Electives

  • AUDI 4300 Advanced MIDI Applications: Film Scoring (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4020 Sixteenth-Century Counterpoint (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4030 Eighteenth-Century Counterpoint (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4340 Jazz Scoring and Arranging I (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music (1-3 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study (1-3 hours)

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Master of Music (MM)
Jazz Studies Emphasis

The Webster jazz studies program is based around the small group performing experience. The MM in jazz studies allows for students to emphasize composition or performance. Students who elect to emphasize jazz history may pursue the MA in music. Students work directly with a faculty mentor on various graduate jazz studies projects.

Required Courses

  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music: Major Instrument(s)
    (four semesters) (8 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4340 Jazz Scoring and Arranging I (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study: Advanced Arranging(two semesters) (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5800 Advanced Studies in Music: Jazz History (2 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4960 Jazz Ensemble 
    • MUSC 4950 Vocal Jazz Ensemble (for vocal majors only) 
    • MUSC 4970 Webster University Jazz Collective
  • Electives  (6 hours)
  • Final project (0 hours)
    Two recitals or one major arranging project, or one major historical document
  • Oral examination  (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

 Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4320 Jazz Pedagogy (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study: Jazz Pedagogy (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study: Topics in Jazz Improvisation (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (3 hours)

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Master of Music (MM)
Performance Emphasis

The MM in performance provides an intensive curriculum in solo and ensemble experiences culminating in two public solo recitals.

Major Areas of Emphasis

  • Piano
  • Voice
  • Guitar
  • Organ

Required Courses for Piano, Guitar, and Organ Performance

  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music: Major Instrument(s)(four semesters) (8 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4900 Webster University Concert Choir 
    • MUSC 4940 Webster University Orchestra 
  • Electives  (12 hours)
  • Two Public Recitals  (0 hours)
  • Oral examination  (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

 Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4010 Composition (1-4 hours)
  • MUSC 4030 Eighteenth Century Counterpoint (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4150 The Art Song (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4160 Operatic Literature (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4170, 4180 Piano Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4260, 4270 Piano Pedagogy I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 4800 Advanced Topics in Music (2-3 hours)
  • MUSC 4950 Chamber Music:
    • Classical Guitar Ensemble (1 hour)
    • Piano Trio (1 hour)
    • New Music Ensemble (1 hour)
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study (1-4 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5800 Advanced Studies in Music (1-4 hours)

Required Courses for Vocal Performance

  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music: Major Instrument(s) (four semesters) (8 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4140 Lyric Diction (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4150 The Art Song* (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4160 Operatic Literature* (3 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4910 Webster University Chamber Singers 
    • MUSC 4990 Webster University Opera Studio (MM vocal performance majors may count Opera Studio as a major ensemble for one semester, but only if they have a major role, and only if they take Opera Studio during the fall semester.)
  • Electives  (4 hours)
  • Two Public Recitals  (0 hours)
  • Oral examination  (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

*Students who completed these courses as undergraduates (with grades of B or higher) may choose electives.

Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4250, 4255 Voice Pedagogy I and II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 4800 Advanced Topics in Music (2-3 hours)
  • MUSC 4810 Advanced Aural Skills (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4990 Opera Studio (1 hour)
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music (1-2 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (1-2 hours)

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Master of Music (MM)
Orchestral Performance Emphasis

Those who anticipate careers as orchestral performers will pursue the MM in orchestral performance. This degree program permits a combination of solo, chamber, and orchestral training. Private instruction is provided by full-time and adjunct faculty artists and by members of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra.

Required Courses

  • MUSC 4190 Orchestral Literature (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4940 Webster University Orchestra** (4 hours)
  • MUSC 4950 Webster University Chamber Music Ensembles (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music (four semesters) (8 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (3 hours)
  • Electives (3-5 hours)
  • Two public recitals (0 hours)
  • Oral examination (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4040 Music of the Twentieth Century (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4810 Advanced Aural Skills (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study (1-3 hours)
  • MUSC 5320 Advanced Instrumental Conducting (1-3 hours)

** Students are expected to perform with the Webster University Symphony Orchestra every semester they are enrolled in the program. Beyond the required four semesters, Orchestra may be taken without credit.

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Master of Music (MM)
Church Music Emphasis

This graduate degree program is designed specifically for musicians serving as directors of music, organists, and/or choir directors in a church setting. Students in this program enroll in core courses in music theory and history. Classes required for completion of the 36-credit-hour degree are taken at both Webster University and Eden Seminary, Aquinas Institute of Theology, or another seminary. A minimum of 24 graduate credit hours will be earned at Webster University and a minimum of 8 credit hours at Eden Seminary.

Required Courses

Webster University Courses

  • MUSC 4110 Hymnody and Psalmody (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4080 Choral Literature and Techniques (3 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4910 Webster University Chamber Singers 
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music: Organ (for organists) (4-6 hours)
  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music: Voice (2-4 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II(6 hours)
  • MUSC 5320 Advanced Instrumental Conducting
    and/or MUSC 5330 Advanced Choral Conducting (4-6 hours)
  • MUSC 5900 Supervised Apprenticeship(2 hours)
  • Public recital (0 hours)
    1.) an organ recital or
    2.) a choral concert with a church or other choir conducted by the MM student, the repertoire will be carefully selected to represent sacred choral works from a variety of important composers and musical eras.
  • Oral examination (0 hours)

Eden Seminary Courses

  • Liturgy course (consult with your adviser) (2-3 hours)
  • B111 or B112 Biblical Studies I or II (3 hours)
  • B113 or B114 Biblical Studies III or IV (3 hours)

The required seminary courses may be taken at Eden Seminary, at Aquinas Institute of Theology, or at another seminary approved by the program director.

Electives to be selected from the following: (1–4 hours)

Webster University Courses

  • MUSC 4250 Voice Pedagogy (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4810 Advanced Aural Skills I (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5010 Composition (1-3 hours)
  • MUSC 5500 Music Education courses (1-3 hours)

Seminary Courses

  • Elective courses taken at Eden Seminary, or at another seminary, must be approved by your program advisor.

Total: 36 hours

To complete the requirements for graduation, each student must accomplish the following to the satisfaction of a faculty committee:
(1) demonstrate keyboard proficiency by playing selected 4-part hymns;
(2) pass a comprehensive oral examination; and
(3) present a public recital or comparable musical presentation as a demonstration of competence in performance.

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Master of Music (MM)
Music Education Emphasis

This graduate degree program is designed specifically for public and private school music teachers at all levels (K-12) in the fields of choral, general, and instrumental music. Students complete core classes in music education and in music theory and music history. The remaining coursework is selected from graduate courses in the MM curriculum or MAT. curriculum. The music education program is a 32-credit-hour program. Applicants to the music education degree program adhere to the admission requirements for all graduate degrees in music.

Required Courses

  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II ( 6 hours)
  • MUSC 4810 Advanced Aural Skills (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4900 Webster University Concert Choir
    or MUSC 5510 and MUSC 5540 Kodály Musicianship I and Musicianship II (2 hours)
  • MUSC 5020 Foundations and Principles of Music Education (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5460 Curriculum Design (3 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4910 Webster University Chamber Singers
    • MUSC 4940 Webster University Orchestra 
    • MUSC 4980 Webster University Wind Ensemble
  •  Oral examination (0 hours)
  • Final project (thesis and oral examination or comprehensive written and oral examinations) (0 hours)

Electives

  • Electives in music education (6 hours)
  • Electives in music, music education, and/or education (6 hours)
    (MAT and others as approved)

Total: 32 hours

 Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4250 Voice Pedagogy I (3 hours)

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Music (MA)

The MA in music will be balanced among three areas: (1) core courses in music history, theory, and performance; (2) supportive courses in music (area of emphasis); and (3) additional coursework in music or a related field.

Suggested Areas of Emphasis

  • Piano Pedagogy/Performance
  • Vocal Pedagogy/Performance
  • Jazz Studies
  • Conducting
  • Composition/Arranging
  • Music History/Theory
  • Accompanying
  • Chamber Music
  • Other areas as approved by the Director of Graduate Studies

Required Courses

  • MUSC 5000 Applied Music (0-2 hours)
  • MUSC 5100, 5110 Analytical Techniques I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 5120, 5130 Seminar in Music Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • Major Ensemble-2 semesters (2 hours)
    • MUSC 4920 Webster University Chamber Singers 
    • MUSC 4940 Webster University Orchestra 
    • MUSC 4960 Jazz Ensemble (Jazz Studies emphasis only) 
    • MUSC 4980 Webster University Wind Ensemble 
  • Music electives (10-12 hours)
    Courses in music at the 4000-5000 levels to be chosen in consultation with the Director of Graduate Studies (At least 6 credit hours of these courses must be academic electives.)
  • Additional coursework (10-12 hours)
    These courses may be in music or in another related field such as art, literature, philosophy, or history.
  • Final Project/Recital Program (0 hours)
    Students will present a major historical, pedagogical, or analytical paper, a recital, or other appropriate demonstration. Final projects are approved by the Director of your area of emphasis in consultation with the Director of Graduate Studies and the Chair of the Department of Music.
  • Oral examination (0 hours)

Total: 32 hours

 Suggested Electives

  • MUSC 4040 Music of the Twentieth Century (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4070 Choral Arranging (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4080 Choral Literature and Techniques (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4140 Lyric Diction (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4150 The Art Song (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4160 Operatic Literature (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4170, 4175, 4270 Piano Literature I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4190 Orchestral Literature (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4250, 4255 Voice Pedagogy (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4260 Piano Pedagogy I, II (4 hours)
  • MUSC 4320 Jazz Pedagogy (3 hours)
  • MUSC 4340, 4350 Jazz Scoring and Arranging I, II (6 hours)
  • MUSC 4810 Advanced Aural Skills (2 hours)
  • MUSC 4990 Opera Studio (1 hour)
  • MUSC 5200 Independent Study (1-3 hours)
  • MUSC 4360 Survey of Music Business (3 hours)
  • MUSC 5320 Advanced Instrumental Conducting (1-4 hours)
  • MUSC 5330 Advanced Choral Conducting (1-4 hours)

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Library Holdings

Books, periodicals, scores, records, compact discs, and videos, as recommended for music libraries by the National Association of Schools of Music, are conveniently housed in the Emerson Library. In addition, the library subscribes to a number of significant online music-related resources including The New Grove Dictionaries of Music, the International Index of Music Periodicals, The Music Index, and RILM.

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Graduate Assistantships

The Department of Music offers graduate assistantships in jazz studies, music theory, orchestra, and choral music. For further information, interested applicants should contact the Director of Graduate Studies in Music. Assistantship stipends do not include tuition remissions. Applications for assistantships must be received by March 15.

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Graduate Scholarships

The Department of Music offers a limited number of scholarships to graduate students based on merit. Among these are the Buder Foundation Scholarships, the James Moroney Nigh Endowed Scholarship Fund in Opera, and the TKT Jazz Scholarship. For more information, interested applicants should contact the Chair of the Department of Music. Scholarship applications are due by April 1.

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Adjunct Teaching Appointments

In addition to graduate assistantships, exceptionally qualified graduate students may be considered for employment as instructors in one of the following areas: academic studies, jazz studies, orchestral instruments, piano, and voice. Employment determination is made by the Chair of the Department of Music with the Director of Graduate Studies in Music in consultation with the director of the specific academic area.

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Graduate Student General Financial Aid Information

For information on non-music related sources of financial aid, including work study and loan programs, interested applicants should contact the Webster University Office of Financial Aid.

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